At the online scientific seminar of the Institute of Information Technology of ANAS dedicated to November 10 - World Science Day, the report prepared by department heads Tahmasib Fataliyev and Shakir Mehdiyev on "Transformation of e-science on Industry 4.0 platform: Opportunities, problems and prospects" was discussed.
Sh.Mehdiyev presented the results of scientific researches on the subject. He said that the scientific and industrial revolutions are interconnected and united. Thus, their development and formation occur in parallel. Advanced scientific and technological achievements form the basis of industrial revolutions, and industrial revolutions, in turn, contribute to the formation of new scientific directions and the adaptation of science to the needs of society.
According to his words, the evolution of the process of industrialization in the world has gone through several stages known as the first and fourth industrial revolutions. Mechanization, electrification, and informatization, respectively, were the hallmarks of the first three industrial revolutions. The foundations of the current fourth industrial revolution began in 2011, when the Industrial 4.0 concept was announced with the participation of universities and private companies at the initiative of the German federal government. The main task of the concept is to develop and apply innovative information technologies in production systems to increase the efficiency and competitiveness of national industry. The fourth industrial revolution, now known as Industry 4.0, is characterized by smart automation, connecting the physical and digital worlds through the Internet of Things (IT) and cyber-physical systems (KFS).
Sh.Mehdiyev explained in detail the impact of the scientific and industrial revolutions on the development of society, the formation of the information society in Azerbaijan, the appropriate transformation of e-government institutions, including e-science and its fields Industry 4.0 challenges. Industry 4.0 2021 trends and smart applications that form the basis of the formation of Sciences 4.0: smart laboratories, smart library, smart university, smart building, smart city, digital twin, etc. gave information about. Introducing the conceptual issues of the formation of Science 4.0, he said that within the concept of Science 4.0, science is perceived as a corporate environment. Its physical infrastructure includes telecommunication networks, data processing center, research laboratories, buildings, energy-heating-water supply, logistics, etc. contane. Uninterrupted power and water supply in connection with such integrated KFS buildings; climate control; access control; building security and video surveillance; material and equipment management; equipment monitoring; building management, hazard detection and warning, etc .; maintenance of network resources, devices and equipment; network monitoring and cybersecurity; electronic services; continuous diagnostics, etc .; management and security of information support of science; support for scientific activity and science management, etc. should provide.
The head of the department said that the principles of formation of Science 4.0 include interoperability, modularity, virtualization, decentralization, real-time performance and service orientation. Introduced the conceptual model of Science 4.0 and listed the main features of the Science 4.0 concept: high interaction of smart objects, big data generation and integration of smart objects with Big data analytics, dynamic reconfiguration of smart objects for high flexibility, global reflection with Big data analytics achieving high efficiency by providing communication and coordination.
He explained the generalized architecture of Science 4.0 and spoke about the implementation of the concept of "data-driven science" in Science 4.0 and the development of new knowledge towards autogenesis, complex security problems and their solutions.
The speaker also touched upon the conceptual issues of the development of civic science, which is emerging as a new direction of e-science, based on the challenges of Industry 4.0.
Speaking about the prospects for the formation of Science 4.0, the speaker noted that the formation of Science 4.0 on the basis of a single concept requires regulatory, financial, technical and technological support as a complex problem and therefore should be implemented in stages. Development of network and computing infrastructure, data storage in accordance with the new requirements in its formation; introduction of new generation equipment and devices (smart sensors, actuators, wireless sensor networks, SI amplifiers, graphics processors, parallel processing processors, etc.); development, acquisition and application of special software; development of new systems, e-resources for various purposes; Reconstruction and development of scientific activity and science management within Science 4.0 taking into account new requirements; ensuring comprehensive security, etc. should be taken into account.
In conclusion, Mehdiyev said that the formation of Science 4.0 will eventually increase the efficiency of scientific activity and support the provision of multifaceted solutions for the management of science in a new quality.